Top Universities in Panama


During the 16th century, Jesuits were responsible for providing education in Panama. In 1903, the United States Congress established public education as a national and governmental institution. In the early education system, the fundamental idea was that children should get various kinds of instruction depending on their socioeconomic class and, therefore, the position they were expected to hold in society.

Public education in Panama started as soon as the country declared its independence from Colombia in 1903. In the beginning, efforts were guided by an extremely paternalistic view of the goals of education, as evidenced by comments made at the First Panamanian Educational Assembly in 1913, which was convened by the Panamanian government “The cultural heritage that is passed down to a child should be determined by the social position that he or she will or should hold in the future. It follows that various levels of education need to be provided in line with the social class to which the student should be assigned.” Under the influence of the United States, this elitist emphasis shifted quickly.

It was projected that 94.1 percent of the population was literate in 2010, according to government statistics (94.7 percent of males and 93.5 percent of females). Education is mandatory for all children between the ages of six and fifteen in Panama. Enrollment in schools has risen considerably over the last several decades, at all levels, but particularly at the higher ones. Despite the fact that Panama participates in the PISA tests, the country has postponed participation until 2018 owing to debt and poor exam scores.

2021 Panama University Ranking

University Town
Universidad de Panamá Panama 3140 2
Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá Panama 2603 1
Universidad Metropolitana de Educacion, Ciencia y Tecnologia Panama 6331 6